6 Tips for Getting started with wine

Some PEOPLE LIKE TO DRINK BEER, chilled with the next meal of Hunan cuisine, a word, cool! Some people love wine, love the mellow after the tender aftertaste. Unlike beer, wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grape juice (the grain used in beer), but the grapes used to make wine are different from the grapes we normally eat (called table grapes in writing). Today, Wine Encyclopedia will bring you some tips on how to get started with wine, which are very useful and worth collecting.

1

The composition of a bottle of wine

2

What are wine grapes?

Wine grapes are different from table grapes in that they have thicker skin and less meat, smaller grains than table grapes, and are generally high in sugar and acidity 39bet-đua chó-game giải trí -đá gà-đá gà trực tuyến-đánh bài. Many wine grapes belong to Vitis vinifera, the most famous of which is Cabernet Sauvignon.

3

'Vintage' in wine = Vint + age

Wine grapes ripen only once a year, so wine is made only once a year. "He" means "Winemaking" (wine), "age" said wine brewing. So, if you see a vintage on a bottle, that's the year the wine was picked and the year it was made. Generally speaking, the harvest time in the Northern hemisphere (Europe, the United States) is from August to September, and the Southern hemisphere (Argentina, Australia) is from February to April.
It is worth mentioning that some wines do not show the year on the label, and are usually made from multiple vintages. This kind of wine is called non-vintage (NV). Some types of Champagne, for example, are non-vintage Champagne.

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What is a single varietal wine?

In short, a wine made primarily from one type of grape, usually with the grape variety indicated on the label. Note, however, that each country has different rules for the proportion of primary wine grapes for a single variety of wine:

Italy, France, Germany, Austria, Portugal, Spain, New Zealand - 85%;

​us, Chile, South Africa, Australia, Greece - 75%;

Argentina -- 80 percent.

5

What is a blended wine?

This is a blend of wines made from a variety of grape varieties, most of which have been combined after fermentation or aging. Blending is a traditional winemaking technique that is still used today and is responsible for many of the greatest wines ever made.

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5 Key points that determine the taste of a wine

(1) Acidity: Wines generally taste acidic, ranging from low acidity like lemon (pH 2.5) to high acidity like Greek yogurt (pH 4.5).
(2) Sweetness: According to sweetness, wines can be roughly divided into dry and sweet types. Dry wines generally do not contain sugar and taste sweet, while some sweet wines can be comparable to maple syrup in sweetness.

(3) Alcohol: Alcohol gives people the feeling of a spicy and burning throat. Wines tend to be 10-15% ABV, though there are exceptions, such as sparkling Moscato d 'asti, which is only 5.5% ABV, and Port, which is 20% ABV.
(4) Tannin: This substance is generally found in red wine, giving people a tight astringent taste, which is the same as the feeling of wet black tea bag on the tip of the tongue.
(5) Aroma components: Each grape variety has different aroma components at different levels, so some wines smell berry while others smell floral. In addition, aging is beneficial to the development of aroma. Most red wines age in oak barrels, which not only gives the wine its flavor, such as vanilla, but also gives it indirect exposure to oxygen. Oxidation and aging develop a range of unique flavors, such as nuts, dried fruit, and smoky.

Three special categories of super prosecco

Exports of Prosecco, Italy's wine locomotive, are leading in major international markets and show no signs of slowing, even against the backdrop of pandemic and war. Prosecco sparkling wine sales have shown steady growth through 2022, including the legal Prosecco DOC and the premium legal Prosecco DOCG, Asolo Prosecco DOCG and Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco DOCG, Prosecco Superiore DOCG, also known as Prosecco Superiore DOCG, is produced in three regions that account for as much as 10 percent of Italy's DOP-rated wine sales.

A total of 750m bottles worth €3.5bn were sold, up 25.4 per cent on the previous year, with much of the increase attributed to the new Rose category. That compares with 627.5 million bottles of Prosecco a year (71.5 million of which are peach sparkling), 21 million bottles of Asoro-Prosecco and 100 million bottles of Super Prosecco 39bet-đua chó-game giải trí -đá gà-đá gà trực tuyến-đánh bài.

This article introduces the reader to one of these three Prosecco wines: Super Prosecco, which represents the top of the Prosecco wine quality pyramid and whose beautiful hilly vineyards within the region were recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2019.

0c635cf3dbdaa312da53b2d1b0ded319Super Prosecco is located in a hilly region of North-East Italy called Conegliano Valdobbiadene, 50km from Venice and about 100km from the Dolomiti mountains. Grapes for super prosecco have been grown here for more than three centuries, and the wine's success began in 1876 with the opening of Italy's first winemaking school. Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC), which covers 15 municipalities and represents the center of the Prosecco region, was certified as a legal appraised area in 1969. With the reorganization of Prosecco in 2009, its Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) designation by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture represents the highest quality rating for Italian wines.

Among the many Super Prosecco wines on the market today, we also find the following three different labels on the wine label, each representing the three different categories of Super Prosecco.

Rive: The word "Rive" in the local dialect refers to the steep hills characteristic of the region, and on the wine label refers to one of 43 officially recognized high-quality single vineyards. While wine grapes from Rive wines often originate from high-quality vineyards on steep hillsides with unique soils, orientations and microclimates, this type of super prosecco highlights the characteristics given to the wine by specific terroir conditions. In the "Rive" vineyards, the yield is reduced to 13 tonnes per hectare and is picked by hand, usually with the year of harvest on the wine label.

Cartizze: "Cartizze" is a sub-region within the Super Prosecco region, which has had a separate brewing code since 1969, with a maximum yield of 12 tons per hectare. The wines produced here are at the top of the quality pyramid in the region.

The vineyard covers just 107 hectares on the steepest slopes of San Pietro di Barbozza, Santo Stefano and Saccol in the Valdobbiadene region. Moraine soil, ancient composed of sandstone and clay soil, combined with a mild climate, giving the wine a unique flavor, sending out an apple, pear, citrus, peach and apricot aromas, as well as the light rose fragrance, the fruit taste is mellow and delicate bubbles, well balanced and elegant, very pure and fresh, also with a little taste of almond in the aftertaste.

Sui Lieviti (liquor sludge): "Lieviti" means yeast in Italian, which is the name of the traditional pure-leaved prosecco, a type of wine with a sediment in the bottle. Also known as "sur lie" or "Col fondo", this is the first version of the sparkling wine made in the Super Prosecco region. This secondary fermentation of puree in the bottle is similar to the increasingly popular traditional method of making sparkling wine.

Provo cyc wine, usually brewed in this kind of super natural extremely dry type (Brut Nature), is a lively, slightly turbid sparkling wine, bubble is very exquisite, compared to the classic super provo cyc sparkling wine. This wine has a less obvious apple flavor, but broader, more complex aroma, crisp bread of classical flavor from yeast.

An entry level wine buying guide

If you are new to wine, you want to pick up a bottle that suits you. Or if you want to bring a bottle of festive wine with you to visit your friends and family at the end of the year, this article is for you. It's all about getting started.​

Is wine red wine?

The term "red wine" seems to be more common in life than wine, and many small whites have equated red wine with wine, but it is not. Red wine is just one branch of wine divided by color. It also has two "brothers": white wine and rose wine. The differences among the three brothers mainly depend on grape varieties and brewing techniques.

Red wines need skin to provide a wonderful red color during fermentation, and naturally can only be made from red grape varieties. In addition to the pigment, the peel also gives red wine its tannins, which are responsible for the astringent feeling in the mouth when drinking.

In the process of making white wine, the liquor hardly touches the skin of the fruit, so white wine can be made from both white and red grapes. White wines have little tannin and are lighter in color, mostly light yellow or lemon green 39bet-đua chó-game giải trí -đá gà-đá gà trực tuyến-đánh bài.

Rose wine is a bit more complicated to make. It is common to let the juice of red grapes touch the skin briefly to obtain a light red color. White wine and red wine are also mixed to make rose wine, but this is relatively rare.

What does dry red "dry" mean?

When you buy wine, the label on the back often says "dry red" or "dry white". The "dry" refers to the amount of residual sugar in the wine.

When making wine, yeast converts the sugars in the grapes into alcohol. In most cases, however, the transformation is not complete, so some sugar remains in the wine, called Residual Sugar. Wines can be classified as dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet and sweet according to the amount of residual sugar in the wine from low to high. Most wines on the market at present are dry.

301eb7471598ec835d3b3afea8380532Have you ever heard of the New World and the Old World?

The "Old and New World" of wine is actually a division of wine producing countries in the world according to factors such as region, winemaking history and winemaking tradition.

Generally speaking, the old world wine-producing countries in Europe and the Middle East, such as France, Spain, Italy and Germany, tend to be more traditional grape growing and winemaking techniques, strict wine laws and classification system, the production of wine also pay more attention to the characteristics of the local terroir.

New World winemaking countries have fewer restrictions on grape varieties and winemaking techniques, and winemakers have more freedom to innovate in making wines, resulting in a greater variety of wine styles and relatively easier to drink.

There is no distinction between the old world and the new, but rather a difference in winemaking traditions and wine styles. As the wine market continues to evolve, the wine producing countries of the old and new world will learn from each other and strive to produce great wines.

What does the year on the label refer to?

Simply put, vintage refers to the year in which wine grapes were harvested. Because weather conditions can vary greatly from year to year, the style of wine produced can vary from year to year. But winemaking technology and equipment are so advanced today that even in less-than-ideal years, winemakers can still produce fine wines.

It's also important to note that wine doesn't get better with age. Every wine has a life curve, with its aromas and flavors dissipating after it reaches its peak, so it's important to be careful when you taste it.

Plus wine selection tips

If you don't know your wine preference, try thinking about your favorite food and drink:

If you normally like fresh citrus juices, then a fresh white wine with crisp acidity is likely to be your new favorite.

If you enjoy a cup of black coffee or strong tea every now and then, try a tannic, chunky red wine, such as Barolo from Italy and a red blend from Bordeaux.

After you have determined what type of wine you like, you can choose high-quality wines with the help of the world's leading wine competition awards and the scores of well-known wine critics. Although people's tastes and preferences are different, the score can not represent everything, but it can provide some reference for you to choose wine more intuitively.

Master this knowledge, you are a qualified entry-level wine player. Don't just talk about it, quickly buy a bottle of wine to try, meet your favorite wine is a very happy thing oh.

How long is the "shelf life" of wine?

When it comes to the most romantic wine in the world, I think it has to be red wine. Unlike the whole bottle of beer and a stuffy white wine, drinking red wine is about the rhythm. Gently shake the hand of the red wine glass, smell the aroma emanating out, and then a sip, savor. It was hardly the wine that went down; it was the mood.

Many friends who love to drink red wine have the habit of storing red wine at home. Like most other foods, red wine has an expiration date. If you pay attention to the shelf life of the wine label, you will find that the "10 years" is printed all over the label, as shown below:

As an alcoholic beverage, how long is the shelf life of red wine? Can you drink wine that has been in your house for 10 years? Today, lazy Meow will talk about the topic of red wine with you. Let's have a look.

How long is the "shelf life" of wine?
Our domestic red wine, whether domestic red wine or imported red wine, as long as there is a Chinese wine label, will basically note the shelf life on the bottle label. But if you go abroad to buy wine, you will find that the label on the back of the wine usually only states the year of production and the date of filling, but not the specific expiration date 39bet-đua chó-game giải trí -đá gà-đá gà trực tuyến-đánh bài.

In fact, according to the relevant provisions in our country's "General Rules on the Label of pre-packaged Beverages":​

Wine and other beverages containing more than 10% alcohol are exempt from labeling expiration dates.

From THIS regulation, we can see that red wine with an alcohol content of more than 10 degrees does not need to be marked with a shelf life, that is, there is no specific shelf life. The reason why the shelf life of our domestic wine is marked is mainly due to the habits of the industry and consumers, so as to avoid the misunderstanding of "three no products".

Therefore, the "expiration date" on the label of wine can be used as a reference. Compared with the "shelf life", we should pay more attention to, in fact, the "drinking period" of red wine, which comes to the next question: the home put 10 years of red wine, still be assured to drink?

f40d9f69591f6bd22ef87343ccfeb1fbCan you still drink 10-year-old red wine?

There's an old saying that wine gets better with age. Accordingly, many friends think RED wine also IS DEPOSITED LONGER, DRINK RISE MORE POWERFUL. Then, buy the red wine THAT comes home, get used to putting on a long period of time first, do not rush to drink. In fact, this is a big mistake. Speaking of which, we have to mention a word, the drinking period.

Wine drinking period refers to the time when a bottle of wine is most suitable for drinking. This is when the wine is at its peak and tastes very good. It and shelf life are two completely different concepts. All the wines on the market will have their own life cycle, and will reach the peak of quality at a certain time, and then slowly enter the period of quality decline.

Different kinds of red wine have different drinking stages. Generally speaking, the ordinary red wine sold on the market is basically table wine, in the case of not opening, suitable for drinking within 3 years. If the wine is opened, it should be drunk within 3-4 days of opening the bottle.

Of course, there are some fine wines that may take 10 to 20 years to reach maturity, when they are at their best. If you think you can't drink it because the shelf life is "10 years", you will probably waste a good bottle of wine. However, such wines with the ability to age, such as the '82 Lafite we often hear about, are rare and often expensive.

Therefore, if a wine that has been stored at home for 10 years has more than 10 degrees of alcohol, it will not spoil if it is not opened. However, if it is an ordinary table wine, after 10 years, although the wine itself is not spoiled, the flavor inside is almost exhausted, and the sour taste is especially heavy, and it is not good to drink. In other words, 10 years is well past its drinking date. Of course, if it is a fine wine, it may be 10 years old, which is just the right time to drink it.

When we buy wine, we want to taste it at its peak, so it's not recommended that you leave it for that long. Even if it's 10 years old, it might still be drinkable, but it might not taste right, it might not taste good.

Through the above sharing, I believe that you have a closer understanding of the shelf life of red wine. For wine with alcohol degree above 10 degrees, our country has regulations, which can be exempted from labeling shelf life. So the 10-year shelf life on the bottle is just a reference.

Instead of focusing on the shelf life of the wine, focus on the drinking date of the wine. Nowadays, many red wines are marked on their proper drinking period. We should drink red wine during its proper drinking period, which is the peak of its quality. After the drinking period, although the wine is not bad, the taste and flavor will be greatly reduced. For most wine on the market, try to drink it within three years.

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